Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

La tradición clásica en el pensamiento de Francisco García Calderón

Teodoro Hampe Martínez


This contribution deals with the youth and early works of Francisco García Calderón, the great Peruvian disciple of Rodó, and who is considered tobe the leader of the Generation of the 1900s. With this, his thought lies within the wide concept of the classical tradition tracing the links between García Calderón and the first manifestations of Latin American identity, which can be dated around the midl9th century. When this author talks about Latin identity, he is referring basically to his concept of “race”—culture and spirit—that was common to all American peoples previously dominated by Spain, Portugal, and France. The young aerialist intellectual built an imaginary brrier between the Anglo-Saxon civilization and the Roman heritage, like a kind of insurmountable wall between the two parts of America. Later however, García Calderón will change his ideological position by embracing President Wilson’s proposals. He will go on to stubbornly defend pan-Americanist tendencies in support of the complete integration of the Western Hemisphere.

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