Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Geopolítica crítica de la civilización petrolera. Una mirada desde América Latina

Efraín León, Octavio Rosas Landa


Oil is a highly versatile raw material, due to its use as an energy source and to the
numerous consumer products that can be obtained from it once it has undergone
petrochemical processing. Since around 1860, there has been a “materialistic oil
civilization”. Oil was the overwhelmingly dominant driving force in the last century.
However, the importance of oil to our society is as great as the vulnerability created
by this dependency. After major devastation of the planet’s environment, we are
beginning to see the technological limits of oil capitalism as resources are gradually

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