Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Polynomial differential equations with many real ovals in the same algebraic complex solution

A. Lins Neto


Let FolR(2, d) be the space of real algebraic foliations of degree d in RP(2). For fixed d, let IntR(2, d) = {F 2 FolR(2, d) | F has a non-constant rational first integral}. Given F 2 IntR(2, d), with primitive first integral G, set O(F) = number of real ovals of the generic level (G = c). Let O(d) = sup{O(F) | F 2 IntR(2, d)}. The main purpose of this paper is to prove that O(d) = +1 for all d _ 5.

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