Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Using fuzzy similiarity relations to revise and update a knwoledge base

Ricardo Oscar Rodríguez, Pere Garcia, Lluís Godo Lacasa


Similarity-based models were first used by Ruspini to give semantics to fuzzy logic
([7]). In these models, incomplete information is represented by an evidential set, i.e. a set of possible worlds that are compatible with the evidence, together with a fuzzy similarity relation on the set of possible worlds that allows to describe the resemblance of arbitrary subsets of worlds to those belonging to the evidencial set. On the other hand, the question addressed by theory change formalisms is which kind of modifications have to be performed to a knowledge base when adding (retracting) a new
proposition to (from) that knowledge base. Revision and update are the two theory change operations which have received more attention in the literature.
In this paper we study a connection between similarity-based models and theory
change, coming from the fact that revision and updating operators have been
characterized by Katsuno and Mendelson in terms of pre-order relations in a
set of possible worlds. Pre-order relations arise in a natural way in the
similarity-based models.

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