Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Dret, Llei i Poder a la història dels Atrides segons P. P. Pasolini

M. Cecilia Angioi


This study means to research the sense one of the senses that Pasolini
confers to Atridaes history, in his translation of the Orestea of Aeschylus
(1960). Following the semantic developement of conceptual meaning such
as Right, Law and Power, from Aeschylus to Pasolini, and through the analysis
of the textual variations there emerges an original point of view.
The principal meaning that underlines the translation is explicitly political
and specifically marxist. Moreover, widening the investigation to other work
of Pasolini, such as the Pilade (1967, an ideal sequel of the trilogy, completely
dominated by a pessimistic maybe nihilistic perspective) or to the
documentary film Appunti per unOrestiade africana (1968-69, set in contemporary
Africa), the analysis focuses on the principal difference between
the ethical and political system of Aeschylus and that of Pasolini. The italian
poet considers the Atridaes history as a symbolic possibility of a synthesis
(the passage from the Erinies to the Eumenides, from the Irrational to the
Rational without loosing the archaic point of the mythical past); but, in his
text, we can clearly see his point of view, buried before in the original greek
text: the synthesis the Rational is at the same time irrational and outreageous,
still archaic but totally new. This synthetic possibility cannot exist in
the contemporary world (capitalistic as it is and a world wich is based on
consumerism). The drama of Orestes (and of all human beings) ends in the
only way it can: the ethical and political disaster of the Pilade. If not we haveto move to another world, to another space/time situation, possibly the African
one of the Appunti.

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