Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

An updated biostratigraphy for the late Aragonian and Vallesian of the Vallès-Penedès Basin (Catalonia)

Isaac Casanovas i Vilar, Miguel Garcés Crespo, J. Van Dam, I. Garciá-Paredes, J.M. Robles, D.M. Alba


The Vallès-Penedès Basin (Catalonia, Spain) is a classical area for the study of the Miocene land mammal faunas and comprises one of densest and most continuous records in Eurasia. Furthermore, it is the type area for the Vallesian European land mammal age. After decades of study a huge amount of bio- and magnetostratigraphical data have been collected, allowing an unprecedented dating accuracy. Here we provide an updated local biostratigraphy for the late Aragonian, Vallesian and Turolian of the Vallès-Penedès Basin. This new biostratigraphic scheme is almost exclusively based on fossil rodents, which represent the most abundant and one of the best known mammal orders in the area. Our proposal represents a significant refinement compared to previous attempts and provides a formal diagnosis and description of each zone, as well as clear boundaries and a reference locality and section. The chronology of zone boundaries and main bioevents is based on detailed magnetostratigraphical data. The defined biozones allow for the correlation of the sites without associated magnetostratigraphical data. Finally, the correlation of the Vallès-Penedès local zones with other detailed local biostratigraphies, such as those of the Calatayud-Montalbán and Teruel basins (east-central Spain) is discussed. The order and chronology of the main bioevents is roughly comparable, although the rodent succession shows some differences between these areas, particularly during the Vallesian.

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