Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Enterrament de Jaume II a Santes Creus l'any 1327

Josep Baucells i Reig


In this document, the information about three important points pertaining tot the death of Jaume II (James II), King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona, has been collected, compared and examined under the light of historical criticism: the date of death, the habit wit which the corpse was clothed and the year of its final burial. The date of death can be found in the documents issued by the Royal House itself and which include the interesting detail that death occurred on the 2nd November 1327, shortly before the strike of what was know as the "Thieves Bell" (at sunset). The documents also state that the monarch was still alive on the 1st and 2nd of that month. Another version, to be found in Aragonese chronicles and written some time after the fact, claims that the King died on 31st October.
As for the habit with which he was buried, the inscription on the tomb states that this was Ciestercian, which would be perfectly in keeping with the King’s devotion to the monastery of Santes Creus, run by Cistercian monks. However, a modern scholar concluded that the habit was Franciscan.
Contemporany documents from the Royal House, from the See of Barcelona (published in its entirety in the appendices) and an account by a Cistercian monk, situate the burial as having taken place not long after the King’s death, on 19th November 1327 at the monastery of Santes Creus. However, historical works indicate the King was buried provisionally in Barcelona and was taken to this final resting place at the above mentioned monastery in 1410, based on estimations not corroborated in any texts.

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