Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Condiciones históricas sociales que regulan el acceso a la tierra en el espacio agrario de Brasil

Guiomar Inez Germani

Resum


This paper is meant to trace the historical and social trajectory that launched the bases for the Brazilian rural space settlement. It analyses the different forms of access to the land as well as the process which has lead to the capture of the "free lands" in very few hands during the early period of the Portuguese colonization. It also describes how this process has shaped and strenghtened the structure of the land monopoly, concentrated and violent by it-self while the number of landless peasants continues to increase. It is an attempt to understand how in different moments of the history, this process was legitimated by the political power through laws that although not always permanent on the paper, were always used to oppose obstacles against the access to the land. Recently, the rural landless workers began to fight this situation. In an organized way, they are acting on the whole national territory with the hope that they will put an end to this heavy heritage and write a new history by themselves with new bases and new rules for the access to the land

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