Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Ecología industrial: innovación y desarrollo sostenible en sistemas industriales

Gemma Cervantes Torre-Marín


Industrial ecology (IE) can be defined as a multidisciplinary approach the ultimate
goal of which is to have industrial systems operate like natural ecosystems by
having industries, society and nature interact mutually in cycling matter and moving towards sustainable development. Closing the loops can be partly accomplished
by having an industry use by-products and waste from another as a raw material.
Industrial ecology tools include: lifecycle assessment, sustainable development
indicators, material flow analysis, etc. IE innovates and promote a new way of
thinking by expanding the limits from the firm to the industrial system. This paper
describes the IE concept, some IE examples around the world and some IE tools and strategies. The work is based on real IE examples.

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