Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Comercio exterior y flujos hídricos en la agricultura colombiana : análisis para el periodo 1961-2004

Mario Alejandro Pérez Rincón

Resum


One of the central concerns in current water policy globally is related to the local action that must be undertaken in order to meet the Millennium Development Goals in 2015. However, there are few analyses that attempt to trace the effect of global policies on water resource use at either the national or the local level. In particular, little research has been carried out on the effect of international economic policies, such as economic aperture, on the intensity of water use for various purposes and their implications for integrated water resource management. The objective of this article is to evaluate the impact of water use in agriculture as it relates to the changes in the Colombian economy’s development models between 1961 and 2004. Special emphasis will be made on the role that international trade has played in driving this water use. For the analysis, the concepts of “water footprint” and “virtual water” will be used. These powerful tools for economic and environmental planning are able to measure the evolution of economic activity in relation to water use in a country or region.

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