Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Bases para una democracia europea "la fenomenología hegeliana del "perdón de los pecados")

Félix Duque

Resum


Hegel’s hesitancy over the viability of democracy in the modern state may be partially explained as a “dispute of words”, since his understanding of the term corresponds to the original Greek meaning. On examining the end of Chapter 6 of the Phenomenology of the Spirit, the doctrine of the “forgiveness of sins” may be interpreted in a secular “political” sense (thus avoiding any conflict with the inverse ordering of the Berlin system), substituting the “reconciliation God” with a collective conscience, formed from the chosen spirits that Nietzsche calls “good Europeans”. It is then noted that not only is it possible to satisfactorily close the phenomenological course of the moral conscience (which, considered from the mature system, constitutes an abstraction), but also and above all, this conception can be applied lo such a pressing problem as that of the future -and controversial- European Konstitution (that is to say, Charta), as an expression of the internal “Constitution” [Verfassung] of the present day Union. The former cannot therefore be understood as an external imposition on the latter.

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