Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Una relación renovada entre el plan y proyecto

Pablo Elinbaum


ENG: In the reality of current planning complex projective issues are played, between the local and national, as new urban processes that cannot
be explained from the municipal administrative boundary. In this context, the urban project is conventionally used in an active and conscious
way to formulate visions in the short to medium term, build consensus and develop municipal planning. Several authors agree that
this model of urban planning is now expired. Instead, they highlight the trend of an analogue projective development in the regional
planning scale or sub-regional (urban areas), as several experiences are implementing projective tools in its supra-local scope. Considering
the innovation of this new generation of plans, what is the current relationship between plan and project? How the project contributes to
improving the planning? And which are the projective resources of the new generation of plans? In order to answer these questions, we
start from the conceptual evolution of the historic dilemma between the plan and the project in order to reach the notion of strategic project
as a new framework for defining the context of the plan. Also, as evidence of the new projective approach, we present some tools collected
from the recent practice of supra-local planning. In particular, we present a list of cases that illustrate from the practice, independently
and intentional, some aspect of the conceptual new projective approach. Rather than an exhaustive compendium of the wide range of
emerging practices of supra-local planning in Europe, we propose a possible project agenda for the design of future instruments. Finally,
we aim to prove that innovation-oriented project –the design as a means of concretion– is crucial in spatial planning and in the coproduction
process that undoubtedly demands.

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