Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Aceptación y uso de los sistemas e-learning por estudiantes de grado de ecuador: El caso de una universidad estatal

Richard Ivan Ramírez Anormaliza, Ferran Sabaté i Garriga, Francisco Javier Llinàs Audet, Oriol Lordan González

Resum


Purpose: The purpose of this research was to adapt the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)
to predict the use and intended use of e-learning systems among undergraduate students at a
state university in Ecuador, with the intention of improving the understanding of those factors
that could enhance the utilization of these systems and the implementation of policies to
increase the benefits they bring to the process of teaching and learning.
Design/methodology: The analysis has epistemological basis on the empirical-inductive,
based on observation of perception. Based on the literature review on the evaluation and
acceptance of e-learning systems, the model has been adapted to the case of Ecuador and a
questionnaire with 52 items based on Likert scales was developed. The instrument was emailed
to 600 undergraduate students from a state university in Ecuador, being 423 of them answered
satisfactorily. We performed validity and reliability tests of structural equation model by partial
least squares (PLS), with the support of statistical software SmartPLS.
Contributions and results: The results indicate that all the hypotheses of TAM are met in the
Ecuadorian context, when assessing the acceptance of e-learning systems among undergraduate
students at a state university. The main contribution was to identify that the perceived
enjoyment, social influence and computer self-efficacy have a direct effect on the two main
constructs of TAM, perceived ease of use (PEOU) and perceived usefulness (PU). It was also
found that satisfaction (S) is highly influenced by PU and S influences the use of e-learning
systems, being the first a specific contribution of this study. Technical support showed no
influence on the fundamental constructs of TAM.
Limitations: The research was conducted to undergraduate students in one state Category B
university of Ecuador, being the reality of this country more complex, as there are four
categories with different characteristics. We haven’t considered neither age, gender, graduate
students nor socioeconomic status, among other student characteristics that may affect the
investigation.
Practical implications: Identifying the factors that influence the acceptance and use of elearning
systems will help to create and improve teaching and learning environments for undergraduate students. Allowing exploiting the benefits of these technological tools more
efficiently, adapting them to management policies of the institutions of higher education.
Originality/value: This paper presents empirical data on the use and acceptance of e-learning
systems for undergraduate students of a particular university in Ecuador. No similar studies are
evident in the country and the model can be considered for future studies of national scope.

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