Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Iniciativa personal y emprendedora del alumnado de Primaria y 1er Ciclo de Secundaria: aspectos personales, familiares y escolares

Rosalia Romero Tena, Francisco Espasandín Bustelo


Purpose: Knowing which aspects; family, personal, center, classroom and type of education
encourage personal initiatives and entrepreneurship. Describe the current state of affairs.
Design/methodology: Develop and validate an assessment tool to know the personal
initiative and entrepreneurship of students of Primary and Secondary 1st cycle. Quantitative
questionnaire were distributed in Andalusian centers - using different types of items Likert and
dichotomous- based on four dimensions; immediate environment; center; educational activities;
teaching aids used; school climate and personal initiative.
Findings: The student acquires his first experiences on what it means to be an enterprising
person of the family and the immediate environment. The type of education of the center and the use of available resources and means provided mark the development of their attitude as
entrepreneur. Relationships with their peers and people involved in their lives influences their
level of initiative. The findings coming from the Personal Initiative dimensions (leadership,
creativity, achievement and perception of control) indicate that student of this age; struggle to
explain and defend their ideas; they like to learn things in different ways; but do not have much
interest in proposing such ways.
Research limitations/implications: Economic, temporal, spatial and the conceptual model.
Practical implications: The findings provide guidelines to keep in mind when designing
educational programs that work in both the awareness and the preparation to encourage
individual attitudes and entrepreneurship.
Social implications: Sensitize the educational community of the center about the importance
of involving all members in promoting entrepreneurial culture.
Originality/value: When there is an entrepreneurial culture in the center all actions are
directed to develop these attitudes, so that its members provide answers with a more horizontal
approach and vision of life.

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