Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

La influencia del género y de la formación académica en la intención de emprender de los estudiantes de ciencias de la actividad física y el deporte

María Huertas González Serrano, Irena Valantina, Carlos Pérez Campos, Sergio Aguado Berenguer, Ferran Calabuig Moreno, Josep Joan Crespo Hervás

Resum


Purpose: The objective of this article is to know if there are differences in the variables that
explain the entrepreneurial intention of the Physical Activity and Sport Science students
addressing academic training and gender of them.
Design/methodology: To know entrepreneurial intentions and the different variables related
to entrepreneurship, a questionnaire previously validated was used. The questionnaire was provided to 578 students pre-graduated (1st-4th course) and post-graduate of Physical Activity
and Sport Science degree of Valencia.
Findings: Statistically significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) in the variables that predict
entrepreneurial intention of Physical Activity and Sport Science students by gender and training
were found. In both genders, the attitude towards entrepreneurship and the perceived behavior
control were the predictors of entrepreneurial intentions and in men also the subjective norms.
Research limitations/implications: The students sample belongs only to the Physical
Activity and Sport Science degree of Valencia, so the results cannot be extrapolated to the entire
population.
Practical implications: It should be developing the attitude toward the behavior of
entrepreneurship and perceived behavioral control to promote entrepreneurship. In this way,
the graduates will be more prepare for insertion into the working world.
Social implications: To increase the number of entrepreneurs (male and female) in the sports
sector throughout the education, reducing the gender gap in entrepreneurship and improve the
quality of entrepreneurship, as this is a key issue because of the positive impact that this
phenomenon generates on the economy
Originality/value: It is interesting to know the predictor variables of entrepreneurial
intentions, and to know if there are differences based on education and gender due to the
massive entry of women into the sport workplaces and low intention to undertake of the. So it
is quite important training in the best way, both graduates (male and female) with
entrepreneurial skills.

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