Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

El reconocimiento de los bienes de dominio público: el caso de los municipios portugueses

Susana Catarino Rua

Resum


Purpose: This study aims to analyze the mentioned of POCAL (1999), IPSAS of IPSASB
and in various doctrinal opinions, regarding the recognition of the public goods (BDP),
and check if there may be problems inherent to the recognition of BDP in Portugal,
bridgeable with the adoption of IPSAS in Portugal.
Design/methodology: For this study, we made a review of literature, about the
position of POCAL (1999), the IPSAS of IPSASB, and doctrinal perspective, on the
recognition of public assets. In addition, a study was made about the evolution of public
assets values, in the years 2006-2013, of the total of 308 Portuguese municipalities, to
conclude concerning the existence of difficulties in the recognition of these assets, and
the need to adopt international standards.
Findings: In Portugal, and in some municipalities, the inventory process is not yet
complete, with difficulties as regards the recognition of BDP. These difficulties are due
to the fact that the POCAL (1999) does not provide the requirements for the recognition
of assets; problem exceeded in the IPSAS nº 17 of IPSASB (2006b), to refer these
requirements. Adopt a new Accounting Standards System applicable to Public
Administration (SNC-AP), based on IPSAS, may be the solution to these questions, by
introducing criteria to be taken into the recognition of assets, to ensure the
comparability of information and heritage values of the Portuguese municipalities. Research limitations/implications: The inexistence of recognition criteria to be
followed by municipalities has limitations in terms of comparability of the values of the
different components of assets presented by various municipalities.
Originality/value: This work shows that, in Portugal, there are still problems with the
recognition of public assets, which is due to the lack of precise definition of recognition
criteria, which can be overcome with the adoption of a new SNC-AP.

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