Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

La inclusión del alumnado con necesidades educativas especiales en comunidades de aprendizaje

Silvia Molina

Resum


Purpose: To analyze learning communities as an educational project which promotes
the inclusion of students with special educational needs based on the school global
approach, its organization and principles.
Design/methodology: We collected and analyzed evidences provided by different
participants in learning communities that have students with special needs among their
student body. Both data collection and analysis were based on the communicative
methodology of research, which has as main aim to identify the transformative
components of social and educational realities that contribute to overcome situations of
exclusion.
Findings: Results show that learning communities promote the inclusion of students
with disabilities in terms of participation in shared activities, acceptance within the
group and increase of learning opportunities. When these students are not separated
based on their abilities and the existing resources, both within and outside the school,
are reorganized in order to educate all students in heterogeneous groups, high learning
expectations are promoted and these students can benefit from the aforementioned
results.
Originality/value: Learning communities are a project for schools transformation
which entails a better use of the multiple and diverse human resources already
available in the community, in order to maximize learning opportunities for all students, which in turn benefits students with special needs. In this way, these schools overcome
approaches to diversity management mainly based on individualized supports, in order
to respond to diversity of needs based on the global transformation of the school.

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