Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Grupos interactivos en educación infantil: primer paso para el éxito educativo

Patricia Melgar Alcantud


Purpose: The educational gap, between those who succeed in the education system
and those who fail, may begin in the years before compulsory schooling, thereby
reducing the high rates of school failure requires the intervention at an early age. This
article follows the recommendations of the European Commission as well as the results
of different researches, to analyze some of the features that this childhood education
should have to contribute to improve the educational success of children.
Design/methodology: The findings presented are the result of a scientific literature
review and the results obtained in European research Includ-ed (2006-2011), which
methodology was based on communicative approach. Specifically, we gathered the
results from one of the case studies developed in Spain during the period 2007 - 2010.
The data collection techniques used were both quantitative and qualitative:
questionnaires, communicative daily live stories, semi-structured interviews, focus
groups and communicative observations.
Findings: Promoting interaction and family involvement are two of the identified
components that may favor the development of this education of quality. One way of
organizing the classroom that includes both elements is by means of interactive groups.
The results of the case study show that this action has helped to reduce dropout rates
and has increase motivation, enhancing solidarity and improving educational outcomes
of children. Originality/value: The lack of scientific researches in Europe that analyze educational
actions in early childhood education that contribute to the success and, more
specifically, those organizational elements that influence them, makes this article
specially appealing to the scientific community and to the rest of professionals and the
general public involved in the education of children since the earliest ages.

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