Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Mujeres en las Barricadas durante la Guerra de la Independencia (1808-1814): La Rondeña María García «La Tinajera».

Marion Reder Gadow


During the War of the Independence the women will meet implied, of one or other one it forms, in the fight against the French invader. Now then, in most cases it hushes up the protagonism of the woman in this contest; and even she is excluded in the contemporary relations, in the press and in the studies realized with posteriority. This new type of politicallly active presence of the women in the fight against the Napoleonic troops will represent a transgression of the liberal procedure of behavior of kind that was limiting the presence of the women to the space deprived of the house, as mother and wife. This way, women, «heroines», as Agustina of Aragon, Manuela Malasaña, the Countess of Burette, Manuela Sancho, Clara Álvarez, Maria Esclope, Maria Bellido or Susana Claretona, between others, break the norm and choose to assume a soldier’s paper in the war inciting his countrymen to the revolt. The women of Ronda, as Maria García “ The Tinajera “, on not having been able to take the weapon and be beaten by the enemy by his sex, thought up the way with which to contribute to the just patriotic reason and there adopted that of agent, confidant or spy, on having taken the reports or notices that every day were sent by the patriots of Ronda (Andalusia) to the commanders and chiefs who were occupying the strategic points of the Serranía.

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