Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Ergative case & agreement marking: similarities and variations in hindi/urdu, pashto and balochi languages

Mahinnaz Mirdehghan


The aim of this article is to provide detailed descriptions of the ergative case marking in three South Asian Languages. The sample from which we will try to make some generalizations includes the Indic language Hindi/Urdu, the Eastern Iranian Pashto and the Western Iranian Balochi languages, which are considered as examples of morphological ergativity within the Indo-Iranian branch. The study presents the range of variation in case and agreement marking in these South Asian members of the Indo-European family. After providing an overview of the ergative marking and agreement in the selected languages, an analysis of “Differential Case Marking” (DCM; Aissen 1999, 2003), including “Differential Subject Marking” (DSM), as well as “Differential Object Marking” (DOM), will be presented from a comparative perspective. The study first presents the range of variation in case and intransitive subject (St) marking in the sample. Then, the typological splits and the variation in case markings will be presented; and finally, the summary of the data will be addressed with a conclusion.

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