Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

The place of rock art in the linguistic history of texas: american indian languages

Francisco Marcos Marín


Peopling America has caused linguistic, social and cultural changes that also extend to rock art. The linguistic perspective is not usually used to approach this topic, although it can be extremely informational. To understand human development, internal and external sources are required. One external source is that of paintings in rock shelters which allow an ethnolinguistic interpretation as well as the opportunity to investigate the fragmentation of American Indian (Amerindian) languages and their contact with Indo-European languages. The internal sources are those of the linguistic structures of languages and facts from their analysis. Nevertheless, the question: “what can a linguist do in archaeological research?” — except translating, naturally — is always present. The incursions of archaeologists in Linguistics, Colin Renfrew, for instance, are however normally justified. In this paper I’ll present some lines of research, and even some results, based on linguistic — or philological — tools, which might clarify some archaeological and historical issues.

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