- School students who are established computer users tend to perform
better in key school subjects than those with limited experience or a
lack of confidence in their ability to perform basic computer
functions, according to a new OECD report.
The study “Are students ready for a technology-rich world?”
provides the first internationally comparative data in this area, based
on OECD’s PISA 2003 assessment of educational performance by 15-year
olds. It backs up previous OECD analysis about the importance of
computers in schools.
While access to computers in schools has increased in most OECD countries (see Figure 1), there are some where large numbers of students still have only limited opportunities to use them (see Figure 2).
Moreover, even though access to computers is more universal at school
than at home, 15-year-old students use their computers at home more
Nearly three out of four students on average in OECD countries - and
in Canada, Iceland and Sweden nine out of 10 – use computers at home
several times each week. In contrast, only 44% use computers frequently
at school (see Figure 4).
In some countries, the discrepancy between home and school use is
marked: Germany has the lowest percentage of frequent computer users at
school among OECD countries (23%) but a high proportion of frequent
users at home (82%) (see Figure 3).
The relationship with student performance in mathematics is
striking. Students who have used computers for several years mostly
perform better than average. By contrast, those who don’t have access
to computers or who have been using computers for only a short time
tend to lag behind their class year.
According to the OECD study, students who had been using computers
for less than one year (10% of the total sample) scored well below the
OECD average. By contrast, students who had been using computers for
more than five years (37% of the total sample) scored well above the
In general, the poor performance of students who have only recently
had access to computers is partly influenced by their home backgrounds:
students with low home access, in particular, are likely to come from
disadvantaged backgrounds. Even taking account of socio-economic
factors, however, a sizeable positive effect from regular computer use
is evident. This is particularly clear in Australia, Belgium, Germany,
Korea, Switzerland and the U.S.
Other findings of the study include:
Students use computers at home for a wide range of functions, not
just to play games. Half of all students surveyed reported frequent use
of word processing software and of the Internet as a research tool.
Students in Austria, Canada, Germany, Iceland, Korea, Poland and
Portugal were among the most positive in their attitudes towards
computers. Students in Denmark, Finland, Hungary, Ireland and Japan
were among the least positive.
Girls are less confident than boys in performing computer
functions, especially high-level tasks such as programming or
multi-media presentations. Girls also tend overall to use computers
less frequently than boys, who are more likely than girls to have
computers at home in most OECD countries and more likely to play
computer games and do programming.
Greece, Mexico, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Turkey are among
the OECD countries where 15-year olds have the lowest access to
computers at home, particularly in the case of students from
Boys and girls have equal levels of access to computers in school
in most OECD countries. In Belgium, Ireland and Korea, more girls than
boys report having access to computers at school.
Even when schools are equipped with computers, students don’t
necessarily have the same degree of access from one country to another.
The number of students needing to share a computer in a school in
Germany, for example, is three times higher than in Australia, Korea
and the U.S.
“Are students ready for a technology-rich world?” is available to journalists from the OECD’s Media Division. For further information, journalists are invited to contact Andreas Schleicher, Head of the OECD’s Education Statistics and Indicators Division (tel. 33 1 45 24 93 66 or 33 6 07 38 54 64).
Subscribers and readers at subscribing institutions can access the study via SourceOECD our online library. Non-subscribers will be able to purchase the study via our Online Bookshop.
For further information on the report.