Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Anarchism in the Catalan-speaking countries: between syndicalism an propaganda (1868-1931)

Teresa Abelló i Güell

Resum


This text surveys the course of the anarchist movement in the Catalan-speaking lands from their introduction as part of
the Democratic Revolution of September 1868 until the fall of the Primo de Rivera dictatorship. Anarchism was spread by
workers to defend worker societarianism and had a trajectory within the ranks of federal republicanism. This characteristic
gave it connotations that would remain with it forever: a relationship with republicanism and the primacy of the syndicalist
over the anarchist content. It penetrated workers societies and ended up becoming the most powerful hub of anarcho-
syndicalism in the world. In a twofold history, both highly pragmatic union sectors and more radical thinkers
without a societarian tradition survived. In parallel, convinced of the value of education and knowledge, the anarchists
struggled to imbue themselves with knowledge, and they developed their own culture which defined them as a group.

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