Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Is trait anxiety associated with improving fitness?

Julio Cervantes, Eva Parrado Romero, Lluís Capdevila Ortís


Introduction and objective: Information to explain the inter-individual variation of VO2maxcardiorespiratory
fitness after training interventions is of great importance as regards health
status. The main purpose of this study was to estimate whether the trait anxiety can influence
cardiorespiratory fitness in controlled aerobic exercise training.
Methods: Twelve students were divided into a progressive light-aerobic training group (g-PAT,
n = 6) and a control group (g-CON, n = 6). VO2max was assessed at baseline and after a 6-week
training period. Training consisted of three 30-min sessions a week with the intensity of 50---70%
of HR reserve.
Results: ANCOVA show a significant group effect in VO2max [F(1,8) = 5.362; P < 0.05], with higher
values in g-PAT [36.45 (6.32)] compared to the g-CON [28.97 (6.38)], and a significant effect on
baseline VO2max [F(1,8) = 26.518, P < 0.001] and trait anxiety [F(1,8) = 8.229, P = 0.021].
Conclusion: The main findings of this study suggest that VO2max training response is not only
determined by a VO2max genetic factor, but is also determined by trait anxiety. This is the first
exploratory study to estimate the proportion of the trait anxiety associated with the physiological
response to an aerobic exercise. We suggest that the trait anxiety is taken into account
as an individual difference which could determine the efficacy of aerobic exercise programs in
sedentary people.

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