Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Els Eclipsis totals de Sol: un punt d'inflexió en el desenvolupament de l'astronomia i l'astrofísica a l'Espanya de principis del segle XX

Pedro Ruiz Castell

Resum


The total solar eclipse of 28 May 1900 was a turning point for astronomy
in Spain. The visit of foreign astronomical expeditions to Spain encouraged Spanish
astronomers to move from observational activities, mainly devoted to positional astronomy,
into the application of new astrophysical techniques. In opposition to what
happened in the late nineteenth century, and as the study of the total solar eclipse
expeditions of 1900 shows, an important part of the research programmes pursued
and astronomical instruments employed by Spanish astronomers were similar to
those of countries such as Great Britain and France. As a consequence, this total
solar eclipse not only raised interest in astronomy and astrophysics in Spain, but
also led to the inclusion of Spanish scholars into an international astronomical and
astrophysical community immersed itself in a process of re-organisation.

Text complet: PDF