Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

Del obispado condal al obispado autónomo: el desarrollo de la relación entre el Conde de Barcelona y la iglesia como sistema de poder en el siglo XII

Toshihiro Abe

Resum


In the age of the Gregorian Reform, the Counts of Barcelona, like Ramon Berenguer I (1031-1076), attempted to cooperate with churchmen on the Reform so that they could maintain their infl uence upon the Church. Nevertheless, though they acted in the same way as other princes of the Latin-Catholic regions, they lost their influence on the Church drastically over the 12th century. This article explores the process
of this change chronologically focusing on the relations between the Count and a specific bishopric, that is, the bishopric of Girona, which received the impact of feudalization
of the epoch more than any other bishoprics in the County. We will deal with the period from Count Ramon Berenguer III (1097-1131) to Count Pere II (1196-1213). First, we will analyse the ecclesiastical policy of the Counts of Barcelona in the first half of the 12th century and clarify its character comparing it with that of Ramon Berenguer I. Secondly, we will explore the circumstance of the bishopric under the Gregorian Reform, the feudalization of society and the Counts’ policy, and analyse its reaction against them; that is, its acts with feudal lords and its political-social role in the region that it began to play in the fi rst half of the 12th century. Thirdly, we will explore the reaction of the Counts in the second half of the 12th century against those changes of the bishopric in the first half of the century. Through this analysis of the transformation of the relationship between the Count of Barcelona and the Church, we will be able to obtain a certain amount of information on the essential part of the political character of the County of Barcelona.

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