Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

La luogotenenza regia nel regno di Sardegna in età aragonese

Fabio Cocco

Resum


The Crown of Aragon, since his institution in the XII century, was an aggregation of States, ruled by the same monarch. The monarch was materially unable to be present simultaneously in all the States of the Crown, therefore the executive power was delegated by the sovereign to his deputy, who was present, in the quality of “alter ego”, in each State. The powers delegated to the deputies of the sovereign were not established. They were changing both with respect to the single delegated people and in each State of the Crown. The military campaign of 1323-1324, led from it Crown of Aragon for the conquest of the territory of the Republic of Pisa in Sardinia, was concluded with the birth of the Kingdom of Sardinia. After the departure, on July 18th, 1324, of the «procurator generalis regnorum», the “infante” Alfonso, the sovereign deputy was also introduced in the new State aggregated to the Crown. This research proposes a study of the sovereign power in the Kingdom of Sardinia in the XIV century. The sovereign deputy was governing in the Kingdom of Sardinia, for a period of variable time, and on the basis of delegated sovereign powers. The powers were established in the personal appointment act. In this act the titles and the duration of the task were also suitable. The institute of the sovereign deputyship remained operating up to 1847 when the Kingdom of Sardinia changed form, and passed from the compound form to the unitary one. The present study is developed through the method of the «doctrine of the statuality», applied to the State called Kingdom of Sardinia, whose name, without never losing of sight the statual entity, changed two times. The first time, in 1861, in Kingdom of Italy; the second time, after the constitutional referendum of June 2nd, 1946, it changed both form of government and title assuming the name of Repubblica Italiana.

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