Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert (RACO)

La influencia de la arquitectura efímera en la arquitectura construida: el caso de Mies van der Rohe

Laura Lizondo Sevilla, José Santatecla Fayos, Santiago José Martínez García, Ignacio Bosch Reig

Resum


Temporary architectures are not only relevant for configuring the scenes of major architectural experimentation from a certain period, but also for the influences they have on permanent architectures that were built at a later stage. Precisely, it was this conceptual search for the ephemeral, which enabled to a large extent, the research and development of the works of Mies van der Rohe: exhibition architectures that, despite the quantitative and qualitative importance represented in the Miesian production, are not referenced in its entirety, nor have there been an in depth study made; ephemeral architectures that offer new perspectives which are worth being investigated with rigor. And so, the aim of this article is to provide clarity to the exposed works of Mies van der Rohe, beginning with an exhaustive work in historical archives. A methodology based on and supported by photographs, catalogue and writings that immortalized the architectures that the past saw set up and dismantled. From the analysis and interpretation of said historic documents, the investigation concludes by suggesting a series of relevant discussions for theory and critique of ephemeral architecture as well as his permanent architecture. First, providing the full list of his exhibition legacy, (a list, to date unpublished and from there the originality of this study has been founded), and secondly, outlining the foundations tested in exhibition scenarios, which were later transferred to his buildings constructed in real environments.

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